WAQF-BASED AND OTHER SOCIAL-BASED HEALTHCARE IN MALAYSIA: A CONCEPTUAL COMPARISON

Raja Aishah Raja Adnan, Mahazan Abdul Mutalib @ Taib, Muhammad Ridhwan Ab. Aziz

Abstract


There are many different types of social-based healthcare in Malaysia providing free healthcare to the poor while offering discounted fee to regular patients. The social-based healthcare includes non-profit organizations, the social enterprises, waqf-based hospital, and private hospital’s Corporate Social Responsibility. This study aims to clarify their indistinctive status of the different types of social-based healthcare in Malaysia, disclosing their similarities, differences and to determine the extent of which these healthcare institutions provide the many forms of ‘free healthcare services’ to the public. The research methodology used is critical content analysis and coding, manual and with NVivo 12. Initial findings revealed a new diagram for health providers in Malaysia, their challenges of social-based healthcare services in their mission and financial sustainability. This study will add value in the area of social innovation by investigating the importance of different concepts and values in social-based healthcare missions and their methods in maintaining financial sustainability.

 

Keywords: Waqf-based Healthcare, Social-based Healthcare, Corporate Social Responsibility, Islamic Social Finance, Sustainability.


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